L'anthologie of Global Inestabilidad Transpuesta - Unstable Air Pollution - Unstable Solutions - Mongolia (Part 34)

Transposing emblem by Barhas
We used to enjoy sunny days and a blue sky all year long. We Mongolians have been called a country of eternal blue sky for many centuries and we are very proud of this sky. But in recent years, during the winter, there have been fewer sunny days in Ulaanbaatar because of air pollution. If we go back 10 years, I remember there was much less smog and air pollution during the winter. When we were kids, we used to play with snow that was white. But nowadays, a day or two days after it snows, it is hard to find such snow.
Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia - The Gandantegchenling Buddhist temple
Ulaanbaatar is the capital of Mongolia. It has a population of around 1.4 million (National Statistics Office of Mongolia, 2015). It is one of the 10 most polluted and coldest cities in the world. In the last decade, air pollution has become the biggest problem during the winter. The Ger district and cars are the main sources of this pollution. Ger is a yurt, a traditional Mongolian house. On the outskirts of the city, people live in gers and this area is called the Ger district, which isn’t connected to a central heating system. More than 200,000 families live in the Ger district. Sometimes, it reaches -400C during the winter. So, in order to survive in this cold weather, people burn coal to heat their homes. As a result of burning coal, the air becomes smoggy and polluted. There are also almost 450,000 cars (Traffic Police of Mongolia, 2014) registered in our city. For a small city like Ulaanbaatar, it’s quite a large number, and traffic jams have become one of the main problems. The air pollution problem is exacerbated by cars emission as well.
Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia - Downtown
On very smoggy days, we even can’t see things that are 500 meters away, especially in the morning and evening. The fine particulate matter in the air on smoggy days is far higher than the World Health Organization standards. Usually, it is 6-7 times higher, but on some smoggy days, it reaches levels that are 25 times higher than the standards. Due to the air pollution, people get sick and catch colds easily during the winter. It also increases everyone’s risk of getting respiratory diseases. Especially, young children suffer from acute respiratory and cardiovascular diseases.
Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia - Intersection
The government has taken several initiatives to address air pollution such as establishing a Clean Air Foundation in 2011, which runs the air quality organization Agaarin Chanar (www.agaar.mn) and provides air quality information to the people. But the problem still exists and we don’t see any difference when the next winter comes. Government actions are not as effective as we want, and we don’t see any visible results. When winter comes, people start complaining about air pollution and ask the government to resolve it. But when winter ends, we forget the problem for the rest of a year. This winter we had protests against air pollution for the first time at the central square of Ulaanbaatar and urged the government to take immediate action against pollution.
Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia - Ger district of capital
However, air pollution is the biggest problem for us when we heat with coal. This lasts less than three months so it seems like a temporary issue. And on windy days, the effect of the pollution is less, and people stop noticing it. We don’t even think about the day before and we easily forget it. But then the next day comes, people see smog and start complaining again and ask for solutions and action by the government. This process has been repeated over and over for more than ten years, but we still can’t find a solution to it.
Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia - People talking
Repetitive temporary issue, short-term solutions, long-term causes … instability continues …

Barhas

Emblem in postcard version at 1080 Wyckoff

Credits

Photo 1: Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia - Statue of Chinghis Khan by agnormark

Photo 2: Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia - The Gandantegchenling Buddhist temple by Dan Schreiber

Photo 3: Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia - View by agnormark

Photo 4: Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia - Intersection by babble

Photo 5: Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia - Ger district of capital by Baiterek Media

Photo 6: Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia - People talking by babble



Parts of the Emblem of Instability

Alvisi, Andrea. Political and Social Instability: The Brexit Mess. May 2017.

Bichen, Svetlana Novoselova. Mental and Cultural Instability: Russia and Turkey. February 2017.

Caetano, Raphael. Instabilidade emocional: Brazil. February 2017.

Çakır, Peren. On the Road in Search of Stability: Argentina and Turkey. June 2017.

Cordido, Verónica. Instability, a Stable Reality: Venezuela and America. April 2017.

Dastan, S.A. The Stability of Instability: Turkey and Syria. March 2017.

D'Adam, Anton. Psychosocial Instability in Argentina and America: El granero del mundo and The Manifest Destiny. January 2017.

Delibasheva, Emilia. Political Instability: Electoral Coups in America and Bulgaria. December 2016.

Ellie. Angry Folk: Korea. June 2017.

Friedrich, Angelika. Introduction: The Emblem of Instability. September 2016.

Fondevik, Vigdis. Unstable Nature: Norway and Denmark. October 2016.

Halimi, Sophia. Modern Instabilité: Youth and Employment in France and China. March 2017.

Hernandez, Jonay Quintero. Embracing Instability - Spain. February 2017.

Kelvin, Sera. The Stability in Expecting Emotional Instability: Brazil. April 2017.

Larrosa, Mariela. The Very Stable Spanish Instability. April 2017.

Lobos, José. Political Instability: Guatemala. May 2017.

Mankevich, Tatsiana. The Absence of Linguistic Stabilнасцi: Does the Belarusian Language Have a Future? December 2016.

Meschi, Isabelle. Linguistic Instabilité and Instabilità: France and Italy. November 2016.

Mitra, Ashutosh. The Instability of Change: India. January 2016.

Moussly, Sahar. The Instability of Tyranny: Syria and the Syrian Diaspora. December 2016.

Nastou, Eliza. Psychological Αστάθεια and Inestabilidad during the Economic Crisis: Greece and Spain. December 2016.

Nevosadova, Jirina. Whatever Happens, It Is Experience. May 2017.

Partykowska, Natalia. Niestabilność and адсутнасць стабільнасці in the Arts: Polish and Belarusian Theater. January 2017.

Persio, P.L.F. Social Instabilità and Instabiliteit: Italy and the Netherlands. November 2016.

Pranevich, Liubou. Cultural Instability: Belarus and Poland. March 2017.

Romano, Mavi. Unstable Identities: Ecuador and Europe. October 2016.

Shunit. Economic Instability: Guinea and Gambia. April 2017.

Shalunova, Marina. Language Instability: Russia. June 2017

Sitorus, Rina. Instabilitas Toleransi: Indonesia. May 2017.

Sousa, Antonia. Social and Economic Instabilidade: Portugal. January 2017.

Vuka. My Intimate Imbalanced Inclination. March 2017.

Walton, Éva. Historical and Psychological Bizonytalanság within Hungarian Culture. January 2017.

Zadrożna-Nowak, Amelia. Economic Instability: Poles at Home and the Polish Diaspora. November 2016.

Zakharova, Anastasiya. Instability in Relationships: Russia. April 2017.

To follow: texts by Mongolian, Serbian, Lithuanian, Ukrainian writers and translators


Further reading

Azazeal, Alex. Отражение Spiegelt Reflection. 2014.

Friedrich, Angelika. The Emblem of Instability. September 2016.

Friedrich, Angelika. Sub-Under-U-метро-Bahn-Ground-Way. 2014.

Gergiev, Vladimir. Street - Straße - Улица. 2014

Metivier, Anthony. Kunstart. 2014.

Smirnov, Yuri. Art de streetулица. 2013.

Whittlesey, Henry, et al. Transposing Emblem - Junk Culture - Müll Trashed Мусор (Part I). August 2016.

Whittlesey, Henry, et al. Transposing Emblem - Junk Culture - Müll Trashed Мусор (Part II). August 2016.

Whittlesey, Henry, et al. Transposing Emblem - Junk Culture - Müll Trashed Мусор (Part III). September 2016.

Whittlesey, Henry. Forward to Next Transposing Emblem. January 2016.

Whittlesey, Henry. Changes to Transposing Emblems. November 2015.

Whittlesey, Henry. Excerpt of new emblem transpoзиция on trash. September 2015.

Whittlesey, Henry. Müll trashed мусор. 2013


Visit www.transposing.net for more information about transposition.
Emblem in postcard version at 1080 Wyckoff

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