L'anthologie of Global Inestabilidad Transpuesta - Political Instability - Lebanon (Part 45)
Transposing emblem by Ghadir Younes
|Beirut, Lebanon - Modern buildings|
|Beirut, Lebanon - Corniche seaside|
Our country is often regarded as being the “oasis of democracy in the Middle East,” a saying that is not quite accurate. As one previous prime minister put it, “the system has always had plenty of freedom but suffered from a lack of democracy” (Krayem). It is true that, compared to other countries in the region, we have much more freedom when it comes to the right to protest and speak up against our own government, but these freedoms never seem to bring any change. This is mainly due to the lack of responsibility and accountability in the system, combined with the method by which political parties deal with their base of followers (Krayem).
|Beirut, Lebanon - St. George Church next to Hariri Mosque in Beirut|
|Beirut, Lebanon - Palestinian children in refugee camp|
|Beirut, Lebanon - Playing board games|
The garbage was eventually dealt with through halfway solutions – the preferred method of politicians in Lebanon - and the civil movement under the name “You Stink” eventually left the streets without being able to cause any significant political change. The crisis was also an ugly opportunity to reveal some of the sectarianism still alive within the population: politicians would discuss dumping the garbage in certain locations, and residents would respond by saying they will not approve of dumping a certain sect’s garbage in their area.
|Lebanon - Woman carrying bag|
Political instability is also very evident inside the government walls. After President Michel Suleiman’s term ended in May 2014, the country spent more than two years without a president. The Lebanese President is elected by receiving a majority of the votes in parliament, which has 128 members belonging to different sects (Al Jazeera). The position remained empty for a long period of time because the major parties that make up parliament could not agree on a Maronite Christian to lead the country. On the 46th attempt to elect a president, and after numerous political maneuvers by the different parties, parliament finally elected General Aoun as president in 2016 (Al Jazeera).
|Lebanon - Mountain landscape|
|Postcard version of The Emblem of Instability at 1080 Wyckoff|
Al Jazeera. Michel Aoun elected president of Lebanon. October 2016.
Ballout, Dana & Bradley, Matt. 5 Things to Know About Lebanon’s Government. August 2015.
BBC. Lebanon: Michel Aoun elected president, ending two-year stalemate. October 2016.
Hume, Tim. Lebanon: 'River of trash' chokes Beirut suburb as city's garbage crisis continues. February 2016.
Kanso, Nour. Lebanon Waste Crisis: how it all started? January 2017.
Krayem, Hassan. The Lebanese Civil War and the Taif Agreement.
Nader, Sami. Will religiously divided landfills solve Lebanon's trash crisis? November 2015.
Shelton, Tracey. Why Lebanese Politics are so Messed Up. February 2014.
Taylor, Alan. Lebanon’s #YouStink Anti-Government Protests. August 2015.
The New Arab. Lebanon Marks Longest Period Without a President. July 2015.
UNDP. Rapid Poverty Assessment in Lebanon for 2016. 2016.
|Postcard version of The Emblem of Instability at 1080 Wyckoff|
Photo 1: Sidon, Lebanon - by Jametlene Reskp
Photo 2: Beirut, Lebanon - Modern buildings by kateafter
Photo 3: Beirut, Lebanon - Corniche seaside by kateafter
Photo 4: Beirut, Lebanon - St. George Church next to Hariri Mosque in Beirut by Homeros
Photo 5: Beirut, Lebanon - Palestinian children in refugee camp by Homeros
Photo 6: Beirut, Lebanon - Playing board games by michail dinos
Photo 7: Lebanon - Woman carrying bag by Jametlene Reskp
Photo 8: Lebanon - Mountain landscape by Anna Om
Parts of the Emblem of Instability
Alvisi, Andrea. Political and Social Instability: The Brexit Mess. May 2017.
Bahras. Unstable Air Pollution - Unstable Solutions: Mongolia. June 2017.
Bichen, Svetlana Novoselova. Mental and Cultural Instability: Russia and Turkey. February 2017.
Caetano, Raphael. Instabilidade emocional: Brazil. February 2017.
Çakır, Peren. On the Road in Search of Stability: Argentina and Turkey. June 2017.
Cordido, Verónica. Instability, a Stable Reality: Venezuela and America. April 2017.
Dastan, S.A. The Stability of Instability: Turkey and Syria. March 2017.
D'Adam, Anton. Psychosocial Instability in Argentina and America: El granero del mundo and The Manifest Destiny. January 2017.
Delibasheva, Emilia. Political Instability: Electoral Coups in America and Bulgaria. December 2016.
Ellie. Angry Folk: Korea. June 2017.
Farid, Isis Kamal. Stability Is Not An Option - Egypt. August 2017.
Friedrich, Angelika. Introduction: The Emblem of Instability. September 2016.
Fondevik, Vigdis. Unstable Nature: Norway and Denmark. October 2016.
Halimi, Sophia. Modern Instabilité: Youth and Employment in France and China. March 2017.
Hernandez, Jonay Quintero. Embracing Instability - Spain. February 2017.
Kelvin, Sera. The Stability in Expecting Emotional Instability: Brazil. April 2017.
Konbaz, Rahaf. The Castaways: On the Verge of Life - Syria. August 2017.
Korneeva, Ekaterina. Instability... or Flexibility? July 2017.
Larousse, Annabelle. Legal and Emotional Instability in a Transgender Life - Ireland. August 2017.
Larrosa, Mariela. The Very Stable Spanish Instability. April 2017.
Lobos, José. Political Instability: Guatemala. May 2017.
Mankevich, Tatsiana. The Absence of Linguistic Stabilнасцi: Does the Belarusian Language Have a Future? December 2016.
Meschi, Isabelle. Linguistic Instabilité and Instabilità: France and Italy. November 2016.
Mitra, Ashutosh. The Instability of Change: India. January 2016.
Moussly, Sahar. The Instability of Tyranny: Syria and the Syrian Diaspora. December 2016.
Nastou, Eliza. Psychological Αστάθεια and Inestabilidad during the Economic Crisis: Greece and Spain. December 2016.
Nevosadova, Jirina. Whatever Happens, It Is Experience. May 2017.
Partykowska, Natalia. Niestabilność and адсутнасць стабільнасці in the Arts: Polish and Belarusian Theater. January 2017.
Persio, P.L.F. Social Instabilità and Instabiliteit: Italy and the Netherlands. November 2016.
Pranevich, Liubou. Cultural Instability: Belarus and Poland. March 2017.
Protić, Aleksandar. Demographic Instability: Serbia. July 2017.
Romano, Mavi. Unstable Identities: Ecuador and Europe. October 2016.
Sekulić, Jelena. Нестабилност/Nestabilnost in Language - Serbia. August 2017.
Sepa, Andreea. Instabilitate vs. Stabilität: How Important Are Cultural Differences? - Romania and Germany. September 2017.
Shunit. Economic Instability: Guinea and Gambia. April 2017.
Shalunova, Marina. Language Instability: Russia. June 2017
Sitorus, Rina. Instabilitas Toleransi: Indonesia. May 2017.
Skrypka, Vladyslav. National нестійкість: Ukraine. July 2017.
Staniulis, Justas. Nestabilumas of Gediminas Hill and the Threat to the Symbol of the State: Lithuania. July 2017.
Sousa, Antonia. Social and Economic Instabilidade: Portugal. January 2017.
Vuka. My Intimate Imbalanced Inclination. March 2017.
Walton, Éva. Historical and Psychological Bizonytalanság within Hungarian Culture. January 2017.
Yücel, Sabahattin. The Instability of Turkish Education and its Effect on Culture and Language: Turkey. July 2017.
Zadrożna-Nowak, Amelia. Economic Instability: Poles at Home and the Polish Diaspora. November 2016.
Zakharova, Anastasiya. Instability in Relationships: Russia. April 2017.
To follow: emblems by Syrian, Romanian, Lebanese, Argentinian, Moldavan, British writers and translators
Azazeal, Alex. Отражение Spiegelt Reflection. 2014.
Friedrich, Angelika. The Emblem of Instability. September 2016.
Friedrich, Angelika. Sub-Under-U-метро-Bahn-Ground-Way. 2014.
Gergiev, Vladimir. Street - Straße - Улица. 2014
Metivier, Anthony. Kunstart. 2014.
Smirnov, Yuri. Art de streetулица. 2013.
Whittlesey, Henry, et al. Transposing Emblem - Junk Culture - Müll Trashed Мусор (Part I). August 2016.
Whittlesey, Henry, et al. Transposing Emblem - Junk Culture - Müll Trashed Мусор (Part II). August 2016.
Whittlesey, Henry, et al. Transposing Emblem - Junk Culture - Müll Trashed Мусор (Part III). September 2016.
Whittlesey, Henry. Forward to Next Transposing Emblem. January 2016.
Whittlesey, Henry. Changes to Transposing Emblems. November 2015.
Whittlesey, Henry. Excerpt of new emblem transpoзиция on trash. September 2015.
Whittlesey, Henry. Müll trashed мусор. 2013
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